South American lungfish

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South American Lungfish Care Guide

Description: The South American Lungfish, scientifically known as Lepidosiren paradoxus, is a fascinating and ancient species prized for its unique adaptation to both aquatic and terrestrial environments. With its elongated body and distinctive lung-like organ, this lungfish is a remarkable addition to any aquarium for those equipped to meet its specialized needs.

Behavior: South American Lungfish are solitary and nocturnal creatures, often hiding during the day and becoming more active at night. They possess a labyrinth organ, allowing them to breathe air at the water's surface, making them capable of surviving in oxygen-depleted waters.

Tank Requirements: Provide a spacious aquarium with plenty of open swimming areas and a secure lid to prevent escape, as South American Lungfish are skilled jumpers. Offer hiding spots with caves, rocks, and driftwood. A tank size of at least 100 gallons is suitable for a single adult lungfish.

Water Parameters: Maintain stable water conditions, with temperatures ranging from 75°F to 82°F (24°C to 28°C) and a pH level between 6.0 to 7.5. Ensure good water quality through regular water changes and efficient filtration.

Diet: South American Lungfish are carnivorous and primarily feed on live foods such as small fish, insects, worms, and crustaceans. Offer them a varied diet consisting of live or frozen foods to ensure they receive essential nutrients.

Compatibility: South American Lungfish are best kept alone due to their solitary nature and potential to prey on smaller tank mates. Avoid housing them with fish that may nip at their fins or harass them.

Max Size: 50 inches